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Category: Новини

Boeing Bids Farewell to an Icon, Delivers Last 747 Jumbo Jet

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Boeing bid farewell to an icon on Tuesday, delivering its final 747 jumbo jet as thousands of workers who helped build the planes over the past 55 years looked on. 

Since its first flight in 1969, the giant yet graceful 747 has served as a cargo plane, a commercial aircraft capable of carrying nearly 500 passengers, a transport for NASA’s space shuttles, and the Air Force One presidential aircraft. It revolutionized travel, connecting international cities that had never before had direct routes and helping democratize passenger flight. 

But over about the past 15 years, Boeing and its European rival Airbus have introduced more profitable and fuel efficient wide-body planes, with only two engines to maintain instead of the 747’s four. The final plane is the 1,574th built by Boeing in the Puget Sound region of Washington state. 

Thousands of workers joined Boeing and other industry executives from around the world — as well as actor and pilot John Travolta, who has flown 747s — Tuesday for a ceremony in the company’s massive factory north of Seattle, marking the delivery of the last one to cargo carrier Atlas Air. 

“If you love this business, you’ve been dreading this moment,” said longtime aviation analyst Richard Aboulafia. “Nobody wants a four-engine airliner anymore, but that doesn’t erase the tremendous contribution the aircraft made to the development of the industry or its remarkable legacy.” 

Boeing set out to build the 747 after losing a contract for a huge military transport, the C-5A. The idea was to take advantage of the new engines developed for the transport — high-bypass turbofan engines, which burned less fuel by passing air around the engine core, enabling a farther flight range — and to use them for a newly imagined civilian aircraft. 

It took more than 50,000 Boeing workers less than 16 months to churn out the first 747 — a Herculean effort that earned them the nickname “The Incredibles.” The jumbo jet’s production required the construction of a massive factory in Everett, north of Seattle — the world’s largest building by volume. The factory wasn’t even completed when the first planes were finished. 

Among those in attendance was Desi Evans, 92, who joined Boeing at its factory in Renton, south of Seattle, in 1957 and went on to spend 38 years at the company before retiring. One day in 1967, his boss told him he’d be joining the 747 program in Everett — the next morning. 

“They told me, ‘Wear rubber boots, a hard hat and dress warm, because it’s a sea of mud,'” Evans recalled. “And it was — they were getting ready for the erection of the factory.” 

He was assigned as a supervisor to help figure out how the interior of the passenger cabin would be installed and later oversaw crews that worked on sealing and painting the planes. 

“When that very first 747 rolled out, it was an incredible time,” he said as he stood before the last plane, parked outside the factory. “You felt elated — like you’re making history. You’re part of something big, and it’s still big, even if this is the last one.” 

The plane’s fuselage was 225 feet (68.5 meters) long and the tail stood as tall as a six-story building. The plane’s design included a second deck extending from the cockpit back over the first third of the plane, giving it a distinctive hump and inspiring a nickname, the Whale. More romantically, the 747 became known as the Queen of the Skies. 

Some airlines turned the second deck into a first-class cocktail lounge, while even the lower deck sometimes featured lounges or even a piano bar. One decommissioned 747, originally built for Singapore Airlines in 1976, has been converted into a 33-room hotel near the airport in Stockholm. 

“It was the first big carrier, the first widebody, so it set a new standard for airlines to figure out what to do with it, and how to fill it,” said Guillaume de Syon, a history professor at Pennsylvania’s Albright College who specializes in aviation and mobility. “It became the essence of mass air travel: You couldn’t fill it with people paying full price, so you need to lower prices to get people onboard. It contributed to what happened in the late 1970s with the deregulation of air travel.” 

The first 747 entered service in 1970 on Pan Am’s New York-London route, and its timing was terrible, Aboulafia said. It debuted shortly before the oil crisis of 1973, amid a recession that saw Boeing’s employment fall from 100,800 employees in 1967 to a low of 38,690 in April 1971. The “Boeing bust” was infamously marked by a billboard near the Seattle-Tacoma International Airport that read, “Will the last person leaving SEATTLE — Turn out the lights.” 

An updated model — the 747-400 series — arrived in the late 1980s and had much better timing, coinciding with the Asian economic boom of the early 1990s, Aboulafia said. He took a Cathay Pacific 747 from Los Angeles to Hong Kong as a twentysomething backpacker in 1991. 

“Even people like me could go see Asia,” Aboulafia said. “Before, you had to stop for fuel in Alaska or Hawaii and it cost a lot more. This was a straight shot — and reasonably priced.” 

Delta was the last U.S. airline to use the 747 for passenger flights, which ended in 2017, although some other international carriers continue to fly it, including the German airline Lufthansa. 

Lufthansa CEO Carsten Spohr recalled traveling in a 747 as a young exchange student and said that when he realized he’d be traveling to the West Coast of the U.S. for Tuesday’s event, there was only one way to go: riding first-class in the nose of a Lufthansa 747 from Frankfurt to San Francisco. He promised the crowd Lufthansa would keep flying the 747 for many years to come. 

“We just love the airplane,” he said. 

Atlas Air ordered four 747-8 freighters early last year, with the final one — emblazoned with an image of Joe Sutter, the engineer who oversaw the 747’s original design team — delivered Tuesday. Atlas CEO John Dietrich called the 747 the greatest air freighter, thanks in part to its unique capacity to load through the nose cone. 

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США: Росія порушує договір про контроль над ядерними озброєннями

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Відповідно до договору New START, останньої за часом укладення чинної угоди з регулювання двох найбільших у світі ядерних арсеналів, Вашингтон і Москва можуть проводити інспекції озброєнь один одного

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Categories: Новини, Світ

Delay in Reforms Puts Pakistan’s Economy in Crisis

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Pakistan is facing a severe economic crisis. Prices of staples like food and fuel are skyrocketing. The country must repay billions in external debt, but its foreign reserves are so low it can barely afford to buy a few weeks’ worth of imports. As the government tries to revive stalled talks with the International Monetary Fund to unlock much-needed assistance, Sarah Zaman looks at how delaying reforms has brought Pakistan to the brink of economic disaster.

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Російський суд оштрафував Twitch на 57 тисяч доларів за контент про Україну

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Москва вже давно заперечує проти розповсюдження іноземними платформами контенту, який порушує її обмеження, а російські суди регулярно застосовують штрафні санкції

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Categories: Новини, Світ

US Treasury to Increase Borrowing Amid Debt Ceiling Standoff

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The Treasury Department said Monday it plans to increase its borrowing during the first three months of 2023, even as the federal government is bumping up against a $31.4 trillion limit on its legal borrowing authority. 

The U.S. plans to borrow $932 billion during the January-to-March quarter. That’s $353 billion more than projected last October, due to a lower beginning-of-quarter cash balance and projections of lower-than-expected income tax receipts and higher spending. 

The increased borrowing will take place as Democrats and the White House push for Congress to increase the federal debt limit. President Joe Biden wants the cap raised without any preconditions. The new House Republican majority is seeking to secure spending cuts in exchange for a debt limit increase. 

Treasury officials say the debate over the debt ceiling poses a risk to the U.S. financial position. 

“Even just the threat that the U.S. government might fail to meet its obligations may cause severe harm to the economy by eroding household and business confidence, injecting volatility into financial markets, and raising the cost of capital — among other negative impacts,” Ben Harris, Treasury’s assistant secretary for economic policy, said in a statement. 

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, in a letter to congressional leaders earlier this month, said the department had begun resorting to “extraordinary measures” to avoid a federal government default. She said it’s “critical that Congress act in a timely manner” to raise or suspend the debt limit. 

In a letter to House and Senate leaders, Yellen said her actions will buy time until Congress can pass legislation that will either raise the nation’s borrowing authority or suspend the limit for a period of time. She said it is unlikely that cash and extraordinary measures will be exhausted before early June. 

New House Speaker Kevin McCarthy will meet with Biden at the White House this week to discuss the debt limit. 

McCarthy told CBS’ “Face the Nation” on Sunday: “I want to sit down together, work out an agreement that we can move forward to put us on a path to balance — and at the same time not put any of our debt in jeopardy at the same time.” 

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Експрезидент Бразилії Болсонару просить піврічну візу, щоб залишитися в США

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Як повідомила юридична фірма AG Immigration, Болсонару, який прилетів до Флориди наприкінці грудня після закінчення терміну його повноважень, попросив шестимісячну візу, оскільки термін його офіційної візи закінчується

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Categories: Новини, Світ

Президент Хорватії розкритикував постачання танків Україні західними країнами

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Зоран Міланович критикує політику Заходу щодо Росії, виступає проти прийому Фінляндії та Швеції в НАТО, а також проти навчання українських військ у Хорватії

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Categories: Новини, Світ

У Кремлі заперечують, що перед вторгненням в Україну Путін погрожував Джонсону ракетним ударом

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Борис Джонсон розповів, що Путін погрожував йому ракетним ударом під час телефонної розмови у лютому 2022 року

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Categories: Новини, Світ

Economic Dividend or Disadvantage as India Becomes World’s Most Populous Country This Year

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India’s population is set to surpass China’s sometime this year according to the United Nations. Experts say while this represents an opportunity to reap a demographic dividend, much will depend on how India leverages its numbers, especially its massive population of young people. Anjana Pasricha has a report from New Delhi.

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ЗМІ: Іран викликав українського дипломата через коментарі про удар безпілотника

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Іран викликав у понеділок тимчасового повіреного у справах України в Тегерані через коментарі щодо удару безпілотника по військовому заводу в центральній іранській провінції Ісфахан, повідомляє агенція Reuters з посиланням на напівофіційне місцеве інформаційне агентство Tasnim.

Напередодні в Україні, яка звинувачує Іран у постачанні Росії сотень безпілотників, радник Офісу президента Михайло Подоляк пов’язав інцидент з війною.

«Логіка війни невблаганна та вбивча. І виставляє жорсткі рахунки авторам та співучасникам… Вибухова ніч в Ірані: виробництва дронів й ракет, нафтопереробка. Україна ж попереджала», – написав у неділю Михайло Подоляк у Twitter.

Офіційний представник США сказав Reuters, що за нападом, схоже, стоїть Ізраїль.

Іран визнав відправку безпілотників до Росії, але каже, що вони були відправлені до вторгнення Москви в Україну минулого року.

Вночі 29 січня в іранському місті Ісфахан у центральній частині країни пролунав вибух. Міністерство оборони Ірану заявило, що його причиною стала атака за допомогою безпілотників. Пізніше стало відомо про вибухи і на інших об’єктах. 

Міноборони Ірану заявило, що країна зазнала нападу з використанням безпілотників. Стверджується, що атака була невдалою – один БПЛА збила система протиповітряної оборони, два інших «потрапили до оборонних пасток і вибухнули».

За словами речника командування Повітряних сил ЗСУ Юрія Ігната, нічні вибухи в Ірані демонструють наслідки політики керівництва країни.

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Categories: Новини, Світ

Шольц вважає дискусію щодо надання Україні винищувачів надто передчасною – ЗМІ

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За словами Олафа Шольца, необхідні серйозні дебати, а не «конкуренція, у якій, можливо, внутрішньополітичні мотиви відіграють більшу роль, ніж підтримка України»

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Categories: Новини, Світ